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Clementine del Golfo di Taranto




Raw materials/Variety/Race


The Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI are clementines obtained from the Citrus Clementine Hort. ex Tanaka species, of the following varieties: Comune, Fedele, Precoce di Massafra or Spinoso, Grosso Apulia, ISA, SRA 63, SRA 89.

Method of working/Cultivation/Breeding


The uniform, flat terrain in which it is grown is fertile, low and well drained. This makes watering, which is carried out each year either a goccia or with jets, directly but at a distance to avoid any putrefaction around the plants' collars. The plants are pruned each year in late spring, to help balance the productive and vegetative functions. They are picked without exception by hand, using scissors.

Aspect and Taste


The Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI are characterised by a circular shape with slightly flattened poles and a smooth and lightly wrinkled skin. They are orange with a maximum of 30% of their skin green. They are seedless, with a maximum tolerance of 5% of the fruit containing a maximum of three seeds. They have an intense and long-lasting aroma and a sweet and aromatic taste.

Production Zone


The production area of Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI is located in 58 areas in the region of Calabria.

History


The Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI are a hybrid between the bitter orange and the common mandarin and are the most profitable thanks to the earliness and good quality of the fruit. They were probably created by crossing the mandarin variety Avana with the bitter orange Granito, found in the orchard of a children's home in Misserghin in Algeria at the start of the century following direct sowing by Padre Clement Rodier (where its name comes from). Clementine growing became widespread between 1930 and 1950 in Calabria, where this citrus fruit has found its natural habitat.

Gastronomy


The Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI must be stored using refrigeration at a temperature of between 4 and 6°C. Due to their high vitamin C content, it is sufficient to eat just one or two fruits to obtain the daily-recommended amount for an adult. Clementines are also rich in minerals, among which potassium is the most important, which has an important role in regulating the water content in the tissues and helping in the running of the heart. They are usually eaten raw, but can be made into sorbets, juices, syrups and marmalades.

Marketing


The product is sold as Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI in containers weighing a minimum of 0.5 kg sealed at the right moment. The writing Clementine del Golfo di Taranto must appear on the containers, followed immediately after Indicazione Protetta (Protected Indication), and the name, company title and address of the packer as well as the gross weight at origin. Prodotto in Italia (produced in Italy) should figure on the container if it is destined for exportation.

Distinctive features


The Clementine del Golfo di Taranto PGI, grown in a mild and regular climate, are the only clementines that reach maturity very quickly, at the beginning of October.


 
 
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